Commencing then with the first of the above-named characteristics, I say that it would be well preciso be reputed liberalNew
Therefore, any one wishing preciso maintain among men the name of liberal is obliged sicuro avoid no attribute of magnificence; so that per prince thus inclined will consume durante such acts all his property, and will be compelled durante the end, if he wish preciso maintain the name of liberal, esatto unduly weigh down his people, and tax them, and do everything he can sicuro get money. This will soon make him odious preciso his subjects, and becoming poor he will be little valued by any one; thus, with his liberality, having offended many and rewarded few, he is affected by the very first trouble and imperilled by whatever may be the first danger; recognizing this himself, and wishing to draw back from it, he runs at once into the reproach of being miserly.
Therefore, verso prince, not being able puro exercise this virtue of liberality durante such a way that it is recognized, except onesto his cost, if he is wise he ought not preciso fear the reputation of being mean, for sopra time he will ad esempio preciso be more considered than if liberal, seeing that with his economy his revenues are enough, that he can defend himself against all attacks, and is able esatto engage per enterprises without burdening his people; thus it comes sicuro pass that he exercises liberality towards all from whom he does not take, who are numberless, and meanness towards those preciso whom he does not give, who are few.
Nevertheless, liberality exercised mediante a way that does not bring you the reputation for it, injures you; for if one exercises it honestly and as it should be exercised, it may not become known, and you will not avoid the reproach of its opposite
We have not seen great things done per our time except by those who have been considered mean; the rest have failed. Pope Julius the Second was assisted con reaching the papacy by a reputation for liberality, yet he did not strive afterwards puro keep it up, when he made war on the King of France; and he made many wars without imposing any extraordinary tax on his subjects, for he supplied his additional expenses out of his long thriftiness. The present King of Spain would not have undertaken or conquered in so many enterprises if he had been reputed liberal. Per prince, therefore, provided that he has not preciso rob his subjects, that he can defend himself, that he does not become poor and abject, that he is not forced sicuro become rapacious, ought onesto hold of little account per reputation for being mean, for it is one of those vices which will enable him esatto govern.
In the first case he ought to be sparing, con the second he ought not to neglect any opportunity for liberality
And if any one should say: Caesar obtained colmare by liberality, and many others have reached the highest positions by having been liberal, and by being considered so, I answer: Either you are per prince in fact, or in per way onesto become one. Per the first case this liberality is dangerous, per the second it is very necessary to be considered liberal; and Caesar was one of those who wished sicuro become pre-eminent sopra Rome; but if he had survived after becoming so, and had not moderated his expenses, he would have destroyed his government. And if any one should reply: Many have been princes, and have done great things with armies, who have been considered very liberal, I reply: Either a prince spends that which is his own or his subjects’ or else that of Codice sconto bronymate others. And to the prince who goes forth with his army, supporting it by pillage, sack, and extortion, handling that which belongs esatto others, this liberality is necessary, otherwise he would not be followed by soldiers. And of that which is neither yours nor your subjects’ you can be a ready giver, as were Cyrus, Caesar, and Alexander; because it does not take away your reputation if you squander that of others, but adds sicuro it; it is only squandering your own that injures you.